Printable Do Does Exercises - 101 PDF Worksheets with Answers

Do vs Does Printable PDF Worksheet Tests with Exercises and Answers

Access a collection of 101 printable PDF worksheets focusing on the English grammar topic of the do does. Download fill-in-the-blank tests with exercises and answer keys for do vs does to print for free. The activities in the sheets are suitable for kids, adults, ESL learners at the beginner, elementary, and intermediate levels to practice English grammar.

1. Introduction to "Do" vs. "Does" (Unveiling the Power of "Do" vs. "Does" in English Grammar)

In the English grammar, where the precision of words can determine the clarity of communication, the distinction between "do" and "does" is of paramount importance. These two seemingly unassuming words, classified as auxiliary verbs, wield significant influence over sentence structure, question formation, and negation. In this comprehensive exploration, we will navigate the intricacies of "do" and "does" and illuminate their relevance in mastering English grammar.

2. The Significance of Auxiliary Verbs

Before delving into the specifics of "do" and "does," let's underscore the significance of auxiliary verbs in English. Auxiliary verbs, often called helping verbs, assist the main verb in expressing various shades of meaning, such as tense, aspect, mood, voice, and more. "Do" and "does" serve as indispensable auxiliary verbs, facilitating the construction of questions, negations, and emphasizing certain points in affirmative statements.

3. Defining "Do" and "Does"

At their core, "do" and "does" are auxiliary verbs used to form questions and negative statements in the present simple tense. These verbs enable us to ask questions, negate statements, and add emphasis to our sentences. The choice between "do" and "does" depends on the subject of the sentence and whether it is in the first and second person or the third person singular.

4. Grammatical Roles of "Do" and "Does"

"Do" is the base form of the verb, used with the pronouns "I," "you," "we," and "they" and in affirmative sentences with plural nouns. "Does" is the third person singular form, used with the pronouns "he," "she," "it," singular nouns, and uncountable nouns. These distinctions are vital for subject-verb agreement.

5. Basic Structure of "Do" and "Does"

The basic structure of sentences using "do" and "does" is as follows:

Affirmative: Subject + "do/does" + base form of the verb + [complements].

Negative: Subject + "do not" (don't) / "does not" (doesn't) + base form of the verb + [complements].

Question: "[Do/Does] + subject + base form of the verb + [complements]?"

6. "Do" as the Base Form of the Verb

In affirmative sentences and questions involving the first person (I), second person (you), and plural subjects (we, they), "do" functions as the base form of the verb. For example:

Affirmative: "I do my homework every day."
Question: "Do you like ice cream?"
Negative: "We do not have any plans."

7. "Does" as the Third Person Singular Form

When dealing with third person singular subjects (he, she, it), singular nouns, and uncountable nouns, "does" is the appropriate auxiliary verb. Examples include:

Affirmative: "She does her job diligently."
Question: "Does he play the piano?"
Negative: "It does not rain much in the desert."

8. "Do" vs. "Does" in Questions

One of the primary functions of "do" and "does" is to form questions. These auxiliary verbs precede the subject in interrogative sentences, facilitating the inquiry about actions, events, or situations.

8. 1. Interrogative Sentences with "Do"

When the subject of a question is in the first person (I), second person (you), or a plural subject (we, they), "do" is used to form the question. For instance:

"Do you enjoy reading?"
"Do we need more supplies?"
"Do they know the answer?"

8. 2. Interrogative Sentences with "Does"

In contrast, when the subject of the question is the third person singular (he, she, it), "does" takes center stage:

"Does she like chocolate?"
"Does it rain often in this region?"

9. "Do" vs. "Does" in Negative Statements

Another crucial role of "do" and "does" is in constructing negative statements. These auxiliary verbs, when combined with "not," create negations that convey the opposite of an affirmative statement.

9. 1. Negative Statements with "Do"

When negating sentences with subjects in the first person (I), second person (you), or plural subjects (we, they), "do not" (contracted to "don't") is employed:

"I don't drink coffee in the evening."
"We don't visit that place anymore."
"They don't like spicy food."

9. 2. Negative Statements with "Does"

For third person singular subjects (he, she, it), singular nouns, and uncountable nouns, "does not" (contracted to "doesn't") is the negative counterpart:

"She doesn't work on weekends."
"It doesn't take much time to prepare."
"He doesn't have a car."

10. Conjugating Verbs with "Do" and "Does"

Understanding how "do" and "does" interact with verbs is fundamental to correct sentence construction. These auxiliary verbs influence the form of the main verb in a sentence.

10. 1. "Do" vs. "Does" in Affirmative Statements

In affirmative statements, "do" and "does" appear with the base form of the verb (the verb without "to"). This applies to all subjects and ensures subject-verb agreement.

"I do my homework."
"She does her job."

10. 2. Understanding Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is a key concept in English grammar. It dictates that the form of the verb must match the subject in terms of number (singular or plural). "Do" and "does" are essential in maintaining this agreement.

Singular subjects (e.g., she, it, the cat) require "does."
Plural subjects (e.g., we, they, dogs) require "do."

This agreement ensures that sentences are grammatically correct and coherent.

11. Using "Do" in the First and Second Person

In the first person (I) and second person (you), "do" is the preferred auxiliary verb for both questions and negative statements.

11. 1. Questions with "Do"

"Do I have your attention?"
"Do you enjoy learning English?"

11. 2. Negative Statements with "Do"

"I don't understand this concept."
"You don't have to worry."

12. Using "Does" in the Third Person Singular

For third person singular subjects (he, she, it), "does" is employed in questions and negative statements.

12. 1. Questions with "Does"

"Does he play the guitar?"
"Does she know the way?"

12. 2. Negative Statements with "Does"

"He doesn't eat meat."
"She doesn't like rainy weather."

13. Special Cases in Verb Conjugation

While "do" and "does" primarily affect verb conjugation in the present simple tense, it's essential to acknowledge a few exceptional cases.

13. 1. Modal Verbs with "Do" and "Does"

Modal verbs (e.g., can, must, should) do not require the use of "do" or "does" when forming questions or negative statements. Instead, the modal verb itself takes on these functions:

"Can he swim?"
"Must I finish this today?"
"Should you be concerned?"

14. Common Uses of "Do"

Understanding the practical applications of "do" and "does" is crucial for effective language use. Here are some common uses of "do":

14. 1. Emphasizing Actions

In affirmative sentences, "do" can be used to emphasize actions. This emphasis adds weight or significance to the action being discussed.

"I do love a good mystery novel."

14. 2. Forming Questions

As an auxiliary verb, "do" is instrumental in forming questions. It precedes the subject in questions where the subject isn't third person singular.

"Do you like chocolate?"
"Do we have a meeting today?"

14. 3. Responding to Questions

When responding to questions, "do" aids in providing clear and concise answers.

"Yes, I do."
"No, we don't."

15. Common Uses of "Does"

The use of "does" is particularly significant when referring to third person singular subjects (he, she, it), singular nouns, and uncountable nouns. Here are common scenarios in which "does" is employed:

15. 1. Expressing Habits and Routines

"Does" is often used when describing habitual actions or routines performed by third person singular subjects.

"She does yoga every morning."
"He does his homework after school."

15. 2. Asking Questions About Third Person Singular Subjects

To inquire about the actions or preferences of third person singular subjects, "does" is indispensable in question formation.

"Does she like to swim?"
"Does it rain often here?"

16. Asking Questions with "Do" and "Does"

As previously mentioned, forming questions is a primary function of "do" and "does." These auxiliary verbs are used to create inquiries about actions, events, preferences, and more.

16. 1. General Questions with "Do"

General questions involving first person (I), second person (you), and plural subjects (we, they) use "do."

"Do they work here?"
"Do you enjoy traveling?"

16. 2. Specific Questions with "Does"

Questions pertaining to third person singular subjects (he, she, it), singular nouns, and uncountable nouns employ "does."

"Does he like chocolate?"
"Does the movie start at 7:00?"

17. Responding to Questions with "Do" and "Does"

When responding to questions, "do" and "does" assist in providing clear and concise answers, affirmatively or negatively.

"Do you like ice cream?" "Yes, I do."
"Does she speak French?" "No, she doesn't."

18. Negative Statements with "Do" and "Does"

Negating statements is another essential function of "do" and "does." These auxiliary verbs, in conjunction with "not," allow us to express the opposite of an affirmative statement.

18. 1. Negative Statements with "Do"

When negating statements with first person (I), second person (you), or plural subjects (we, they), "do not" (contracted to "don't") is used.

"I don't like broccoli."
"They don't live here anymore."

18. 2. Negative Statements with "Does"

For negations involving third person singular subjects (he, she, it), singular nouns, and uncountable nouns, "does not" (contracted to "doesn't") is employed.

"He doesn't watch television."
"She doesn't have any pets."

19. Teaching "Do" and "Does" Effectively

Effectively teaching "do" and "does" requires clear explanations, examples, and practice exercises. Incorporating these concepts into real-life conversations and scenarios can enhance comprehension and retention.

20. Common Mistakes to Avoid

In the process of learning "do" and "does," several common mistakes can occur. These include misusing "do" with third person singular subjects or neglecting to use "do" or "does" in questions and negations.

21. Advanced Usage of "Do" and "Does"

As learners progress in their understanding of English, they encounter more advanced uses of "do" and "does." This includes their application in complex sentence structures, conditionals, and hypothetical situations.

22. Mastering the Art of "Do" vs. "Does"

Mastering "do" and "does" is a pivotal step in achieving fluency in English. It involves understanding their grammatical roles, subject-verb agreement, and their application in questions and negations. Additionally, grasping their nuances in affirmative statements, emphasizing actions, and expressing habits contributes to a well-rounded command of these auxiliary verbs.

In conclusion, the subtleties of "do" and "does" may appear intricate, but they serve as foundational building blocks in the English language. These auxiliary verbs empower us to construct questions, negate statements, and communicate with precision. By embracing their grammatical significance and practicing their usage, learners embark on a journey towards mastering English grammar, one auxiliary verb at a time.