Printable Have Has Exercises - 101 PDF Worksheets with Answers

Have vs Has Printable PDF Worksheet Tests with Exercises and Answers

Access a collection of 101 printable PDF worksheets focusing on the English grammar topic of the have has. Download fill-in-the-blank tests with exercises and answer keys for have vs has to print for free. The activities in the sheets are suitable for kids, adults, ESL learners at the beginner, elementary, and intermediate levels to practice English grammar.

1. Introduction to "Have vs. Has"

In the English grammar, few topics are as fundamental as the usage of "have" and "has." These two seemingly simple words carry significant weight, as they determine verb agreement in the present tense. Understanding when to use "have" and when to use "has" is a key milestone on the path to English proficiency. In this comprehensive essay, we will embark on a journey to explore the intricacies of "have" and "has," delving into their grammar, usage, common pitfalls, and advanced applications. By the end of this journey, readers will possess the knowledge and confidence to wield "have" and "has" effectively in their English communication.

2. Understanding the Basics of "Have" and "Has"

At its core, "have" and "has" are verbs that play a crucial role in expressing possession, ownership, and action in English. They belong to the category of auxiliary or helping verbs, which assist main verbs in conveying various shades of meaning.

"Have" is used in the following contexts:

To indicate possession or ownership:
"I have a car."
"They have a beautiful house."

To express actions, experiences, or states:
"I have a meeting at 3 PM."
"She has a talent for singing."

To form perfect tenses (e.g., present perfect, past perfect):
"They have finished their homework."
"She has traveled to many countries."

"Has", on the other hand, is the third person singular form of "have" and is used in the following contexts:

To indicate possession or ownership when the subject is a singular noun or third person singular pronoun (he, she, it):
"He has a dog."
"She has a cat."
"It has a tail."

To express actions, experiences, or states when the subject is a singular noun or third person singular pronoun:
"He has a dentist appointment."
"She has a great sense of humor."
"It has a peculiar smell."

3. Grammar and Usage of "Have" and "Has"

To use "have" and "has" effectively, it's essential to grasp their grammar and usage in various sentence structures. Let's explore these aspects in detail:

4. "Have" in the Present Tense:

Positive Statements: "Have" is used with plural subjects (I, you, we, they).
"I have a book."
"You have an idea."
"We have plans."
"They have a meeting."

Negative Statements: In negative statements, "have" is used with the same plural subjects, and "not" is added to form contractions like "haven't."
"I haven't read that book."
"You haven't called me."
"We haven't finished yet."
"They haven't arrived."

Questions: To form questions, invert the subject and "have."
"Do I have time?"
"Have you seen my keys?"
"Have we met before?"
"Have they completed the project?"

5. "Has" in the Present Tense:

Positive Statements: "Has" is used with singular subjects (he, she, it).
"He has a cat."
"She has a bicycle."
"It has a problem."

Negative Statements: Negative statements with "has" involve adding "not" to form contractions like "hasn't."
"He hasn't finished his meal."
"She hasn't visited the museum."
"It hasn't stopped raining."

Questions: To create questions with "has," invert the subject and "has."
"Has he called yet?"
"Has she decided on a career?"
"Has it arrived on time?"

6. "Have" vs. "Has": Key Differences

Subject-Verb Agreement: The primary difference between "have" and "has" lies in subject-verb agreement. "Have" is used with plural subjects (I, you, we, they), while "has" is used with singular subjects (he, she, it).

Third-Person Singular: "Has" is the third-person singular form of "have." It's crucial to recognize singular subjects to determine when to use "has."

Negation: To form negative statements, add "not" after "have" or "has" to create contractions like "haven't" and "hasn't."

7. Subject-Verb Agreement with "Have" and "Has"

Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental grammatical concept that determines whether a verb should be singular or plural based on the subject of a sentence. In the case of "have" and "has," this agreement is key to using them correctly.

8. Using "Have" for Plural Subjects:

"We have a picnic every summer."
"You have many talents."
"They have completed their assignments."

9. Using "Has" for Singular Subjects:

"He has a big family."
"She has a busy schedule."
"It has a beautiful garden."

10. Conjugating "Have" and "Has"

Conjugation refers to the change in the form of a verb to indicate tense, mood, or person. In the case of "have" and "has," conjugation mainly involves changing the verb form to fit the subject and tense of the sentence.

11. "Have" and "Has" in Positive Statements:

Present Simple Tense: The base form of "have" is used with plural subjects (I, you, we, they), while "has" is used with singular subjects (he, she, it).
"I have a car."
"She has a cat."

Present Perfect Tense: In the present perfect tense, "have" is used with plural subjects, and "has" is used with singular subjects.
"They have finished their homework."
"She has traveled to many countries."

12. Forming Negative Statements with "Have" and "Has"

Negative statements involving "have" and "has" are formed by adding "not" after the auxiliary verb to create contractions like "haven't" and "hasn't."

"I haven't seen that movie."

"He hasn't finished his breakfast."

"She hasn't learned to swim."

"It hasn't rained in days."

13. Asking Questions with "Have" and "Has"

To form questions using "have" and "has," invert the subject and the auxiliary verb.

"Do I have your permission?"

"Has she arrived yet?"

"Have they completed the assignment?"

"Has it stopped raining?"

14. Short Forms: "I've," "You've," "He's," "She's," "It's," "We've," "They've"

Short forms, also known as contractions, are commonly used in spoken and informal language to simplify sentences. The following are short forms of "have" and "has" combined with pronouns:

"I've" (I have)
"You've" (You have)
"He's" (He has / He is)
"She's" (She has / She is)
"It's" (It has / It is)
"We've" (We have)
"They've" (They have)

15. Short Forms: "I've," "You've," "We've," "They've" vs. "He's," "She's," "It's"

It's important to distinguish between the short forms of "have" and "has" and the short forms of "he," "she," and "it" plus "is" or "has." Context plays a crucial role in understanding which meaning is intended.

"He's coming." (He is coming.)

"He's finished." (He has finished.)

"She's a doctor." (She is a doctor.)

"She's gone home." (She has gone home.)

"It's a beautiful day." (It is a beautiful day.)

"It's lost its charm." (It has lost its charm.)

"I've read the book." (I have read the book.)

"I've finished my work." (I have finished my work.)

"You've met John." (You have met John.)

"You've made a mistake." (You have made a mistake.)

"We've studied hard." (We have studied hard.)

"We've been friends for years." (We have been friends for years.)

"They've arrived." (They have arrived.)

"They've already left." (They have already left.)

16. Common Collocations with "Have" and "Has"

Collocations are combinations of words that frequently appear together due to natural language patterns. Here are some common collocations with "have" and "has":

Have breakfast/lunch/dinner: "Let's have lunch together."
Have a conversation/chat: "We had a long chat."
Have an idea/thought: "I have an idea for the project."
Have a meeting/appointment: "She has a meeting at 10 AM."
Have a problem/issue: "They have a problem with the software."

17. Expressions with "Have" and "Has"

Expressions using "have" and "has" are prevalent in everyday language. These idiomatic phrases may not always follow the literal meanings of "have" and "has." Here are some examples:

Have a heart: To show compassion or kindness.
"Please, have a heart and help them."

Have a look: To examine or investigate something.
"Can you have a look at this document?"

Have a blast: To have a great time or enjoy oneself.
"We had a blast at the concert."

Have the last word: To be the final or decisive authority in a discussion or argument.
"She always has to have the last word."

Has a sweet tooth: To have a strong preference for sweet foods.
"He has a sweet tooth and loves desserts."

Have butterflies in one's stomach: To feel nervous or anxious about something.
"I always have butterflies in my stomach before a presentation."

18. Teaching "Have" and "Has" in Language Education

Teaching "have" and "has" effectively to English learners requires a structured approach that combines clear explanations with practical exercises. Here are some strategies for educators:

Clear Explanations: Start with clear and concise explanations of when to use "have" and "has," emphasizing subject-verb agreement.

Contextual Learning: Use real-life examples and context-rich sentences to illustrate the usage of "have" and "has."

Interactive Activities: Engage learners in interactive activities like role-playing, dialogues, and storytelling to reinforce the application of "have" and "has."

Grammar Exercises: Provide a variety of exercises that involve identifying, conjugating, and using "have" and "has" correctly in sentences.

Common Mistakes: Address common mistakes and misconceptions, such as subject-verb agreement errors or confusion with contractions.

Comparative Exercises: Offer exercises that compare "have" and "has" with other auxiliary verbs to highlight the distinctions.

19. Advanced Usage of "Have" and "Has"

As learners advance in their language skills, they may encounter more complex and nuanced usages of "have" and "has." Here are some advanced applications:

1. Emphasizing Possession:

In some cases, "have" can be used to emphasize possession or control over something. This usage often appears in legal or contractual language.

"The company has ownership of all intellectual property."
"He has control over the company's finances."

2. Perfect Tenses:

"Have" plays a critical role in forming perfect tenses, such as the present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect. These tenses are used to convey actions or events that are completed or expected to be completed in relation to a certain point in time.

"By next year, they will have achieved their goals."
"She had already left when I arrived."
"I have never visited that country."

3. Expressing Causation:

In some contexts, "have" can express causation or influence over an action. This usage is common in phrases like "have someone do something."

"I had my car repaired by a mechanic."
"She had her hair cut at the salon."

20. The Role of Context in Choosing Between "Have" and "Has"

Context is a guiding force in determining whether to use "have" or "has" in a sentence. Understanding the subject and its number (singular or plural) is crucial. Additionally, the tense and the intended meaning of the sentence play vital roles in making the right choice.

Consider the following examples:

"She has a dog."
In this context, "she" is a singular subject, and the present tense indicates that "has" is the correct choice.

"They have a cat."
Here, "they" is a plural subject, and again, the present tense dictates the use of "have."

"He has finished his work."
In this sentence, "he" is a singular subject, and the present perfect tense requires "has" for correct usage.

"We have finished our meal."
"We" is a plural subject, and the present perfect tense calls for "have."

21. Linguistic Evolution and Changes in "Have" and "Has"

Languages are dynamic, evolving systems, and English is no exception. Over time, language changes occur, and verb forms may undergo alterations. While the basic rules for using "have" and "has" have remained relatively stable, some variations exist in specific contexts or dialects.

For example, in some informal speech or dialects, the third person singular "has" may be replaced with "have." While this is considered non-standard usage, it's essential to be aware of variations in spoken English.

22. Addressing Challenges in Learning "Have" and "Has"

Learning "have" and "has" can pose challenges for English learners, particularly for those whose native languages do not have equivalent verb forms. Here are some common difficulties and strategies to overcome them:

Subject-Verb Agreement: The most critical challenge is mastering subject-verb agreement. Learners should practice identifying singular and plural subjects and selecting the appropriate form of "have" or "has" accordingly.

Pronunciation: The contractions "I've," "you've," "he's," "she's," "it's," "we've," and "they've" can be challenging to pronounce correctly. Encourage learners to practice pronunciation, focusing on the contracted forms.

Word Order in Questions: Forming questions with "have" and "has" requires inverting the subject and the verb. Practice this word order in questions to avoid common errors.

Different Meanings of "have": English learners should be aware of the various meanings of "have," from possession to causation, and learn to recognize these nuances in context.

Contractions and Informal Language: Teach learners when and where it's appropriate to use contractions like "I've" or "he's" in informal speech and writing.

23. Mastering "Have" and "Has" for Effective Communication

Mastering "have" and "has" is a critical step in becoming proficient in English grammar and communication. These auxiliary verbs are essential for expressing possession, actions, and perfect tenses. Whether you're discussing personal possessions, describing experiences, or forming questions, "have" and "has" are indispensable tools in your linguistic arsenal.

24. Empowering Learners to Use "Have" and "Has" Confidently

As educators, it's our responsibility to empower learners to use "have" and "has" confidently. This involves providing clear explanations, engaging activities, and ample practice opportunities. Additionally, fostering an appreciation for context and the role it plays in choosing between "have" and "has" can enhance learners' language proficiency.

25. Practical Tips for Polishing Your "Have" and "Has" Usage

Practice with Exercises: Engage in exercises and drills to reinforce your understanding of when to use "have" and "has." Online resources and language textbooks often provide exercises for practice.

Read Widely: Reading books, articles, and newspapers in English exposes you to diverse sentence structures and contexts where "have" and "has" are used correctly.

Listen Actively: Pay attention to how native speakers use "have" and "has" in conversations, movies, and podcasts. Immersing yourself in spoken English helps internalize correct usage.

Write Regularly: Practice writing sentences and paragraphs that incorporate "have" and "has." Receiving feedback from native speakers or language teachers can be invaluable.

Seek Clarification: If you're unsure about the correct usage in a specific context, don't hesitate to seek clarification from language experts or native speakers.

26. Conclusion: The Endless Journey of "Have" and "Has" in Language

In the grand tapestry of English grammar, "have" and "has" form threads that weave through nearly every aspect of communication. They signify possession, convey actions, and enable the expression of perfect tenses. While mastering "have" and "has" may seem like a straightforward task, the subtleties of subject-verb agreement and the influence of context make this journey a lifelong pursuit for language learners.

This comprehensive essay has equipped you with a deep understanding of the basics, grammar, and usage of "have" and "has." We've explored their roles in positive statements, negative statements, and questions. We've delved into the world of contractions and examined common collocations and expressions featuring "have" and "has."

Moreover, we've discussed the significance of context in choosing between "have" and "has," acknowledging that language is a dynamic entity that may evolve over time. We've addressed the challenges learners might encounter and provided strategies to overcome them.

Ultimately, mastering "have" and "has" is not merely a matter of grammar; it's about enhancing your ability to communicate effectively in English. As you continue on this endless journey, remember that language is a living entity, and your relationship with "have" and "has" will evolve and deepen over time. Embrace the intricacies, celebrate your progress, and keep exploring the boundless possibilities of these two small yet mighty words in the English language.